Winter is the season of the year in the northern hemisphere, while the fall is the season of the year in the southern hemisphere

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The fall is in fact the opposite of winter; all other seasons are
compensations for the loss of the summer. Fall is the most intense period of
the year, that is, the season when it is most intense for animals. The
temperature in the northern hemisphere peaks in January or February,
followed by a gradual fall, in early September, to a minimum level around
November. Then, from around late October through mid-November, the temperature
rises again, although at a low level, to a peak in the end of October or
beginning of November. The climate is becoming increasingly continental, and
much of the northern hemisphere is still snow-capped or ice-capped in
snow, but the temperature is dropping considerably. The winter lasts longer,
and the season is longer, too. In some places, it may last till the beginning
of March, and in others just till early May. In the southern hemisphere, the
temperature is more or less stable and stays around 10 °C. As the seasons are
changing in the northern hemisphere, the change is much less extreme, so it is
not winter in the traditional sense, but rather the season of “fall”, which
has become a new, season of the year in the northern hemisphere.

In the south of the northern hemisphere, the situation is similar;
though the temperature may fluctuate a little on the cold side of the scale, it
remains cold enough to keep most of the animals warm enough to survive the
winter. In North America, for example, the winters are generally too cold to
extend beyond the month of December, and in northern Europe the winters last
from October to early March and then into April. In the southern hemisphere,
there is more scope for fluctuation in the winter than in the north; for,
although there is still usually a substantial decrease from the autumnal peak,
the temperature is not only still much higher than in the northern hemisphere,
but the fall is less sudden and much longer, lasting from about the end of
September to about the middle of November.

The different parts of the Earth have different climates, too. The
climate on the equator is cold year round. At the poles, the climate is quite
different. The southern hemisphere has a temperate climate; the northern
hemisphere is permanently cold all year round, sometimes with snow in the
northern hemisphere but rarely with snow in the southern hemisphere. The cold
is partly due to the fact that the atmosphere is thinner at the polar
surfaces, which mean that temperatures are generally a little cooler. This
particular climate is found mainly in the southern hemisphere. Climate change
is the reason for its appearance, but it is also related to man’s development,
and it is linked to the fact that the south of the northern hemisphere is
growing hotter due to a high rate of carbon dioxide production, and also due
to the fact that the south of the northern hemisphere has less sea ice cover,
which would make it colder.

The coldest months are January and February, where temperatures may
drop to around – 40 °C (– 40 °F) at night. In these months, there is a
significant decrease in sunlight (the length of sunlight decreases by 12
percent at the equator and by 21 percent at the poles), which means that plants
can no longer develop, or that animals grow more rapidly, becoming larger and
stronger. In January, most species of flowering plants produce leaves and flowers,
which means that they need more sunlight.

In the southern hemisphere, the temperature in the summer is much
higher. This is due to the fact that the atmosphere is thinner at the equator
and, as a result, the sun is more intense. In fact, the sun is much stronger and
energies are spread more out on it. In the northern hemisphere, the
temperatures are generally higher, up to around 30 °C (86 °F) or more in
summer. In the southern hemisphere, the temperature averages around 5 °C (44
°F) and usually dips to below 0 °C (32 °F) around the end of July or beginning of
August.

Humans are not the only mammals with a natural variation in body size;
that is, the bigger the mammal, the warmer it is, too. It is this larger-sized
being, which is the ancestor of us humans, which seems to have first emerged
from the swampy forests and plains. The bigger the mammal, the more it
consumes its food, and the longer it lives because it requires more
nutrients, so as to grow bigger and stronger, in order to have enough energy to
feed its body. The colder it is in winter, the bigger the mammal, because of its
greater fat reserves (or to put it in a slightly simplified way, because of the
greater amount of muscle in the larger mammal). The bigger the mammals, the
warmer they need to be in the summer, and the colder they need to be in the
winter. In this case, however, the larger-sized being is a mammal, not a
reptile, and this is why we humans are a warm-blooded mammal, whereas reptiles
and amphibians are not. The body of the big mammal must therefore be warm and
the body of the smaller mammal is cold.

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